First, human body composition
The cell is composes the human body the most basic
structure and the function unit.
The organization is similar, the function close
cell by the shape borrows the intercellular substance to unify in
Several kind of different organization mutually tie
the synthesis to have the certain shape, to complete the certain
function the organ.
Function correlation organ according to order
continually in together component system. The human body has
nine big systems: The movement is, the digestion is, the breath
is, the uropoiesis is, the reproduction is, the vessel is, the organ
of sensation, the nervous system, the endocrine department.
Human body nine big systems
Movement digestion and breath
uropoiesis reproduction vessel department
The sensory nerve internal secretion
nine big systems must keep firmly in mind
Second, commonly used dissection terminology
(1) anatomy posture
Anatomy posture calls the standard posture,
namely: The body stands erect, two horizontally view, the upper
limb sagging, the lower limb gathers, palm of the hand full point to
The standard posture likely stands at attention
the body to stand erect two unevenness
Palm full point all to front
upper limb sagging lower limb and
(2) axis and the surface
Including arrow shape axis, coronal axis, vertical
Including arrow shape surface, coronal surface, horizontal plane.