A theorem also known as Bachet's Conjecture which was stated but not proven by Diophantus. It states that every Positive Integer can be written as the Sum of at most four Squares. Although the theorem was proved by Fermat using infinite descent, the proof was suppressed. Euler was unable to prove the theorem. The first published proof was given by Lagrange in 1770 and made use of the Euler Four-Square Identity.

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1999-05-26