- 1. Find a complete system of invariants, or
- 2. decide when two Metrics differ only by a coordinate transformation.

The solution by E. Cartan requires computation of the 10th order Covariant Derivatives. The demonstration was simplified by A. Karlhede using the Tetrad formalism so that only seventh order Covariant Derivatives need be computed. However, in many common cases, the first or second-order Derivatives are Sufficient to answer the question.

**References**

Karlhede, A. and Lindström, U. ``Finding Space-Time Geometries without Using a Metric.'' *Gen. Relativity
Gravitation* **15**, 597-610, 1983.

© 1996-9

1999-05-26