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acsc(x)

The circular cosecant differs from the hyperbolic cosecant in having imaginary units in the exponential, plus an extra factor. Solving for the exponential gives

cscw=2i eiw -eiw =z ze2iw -2ieiw -z =0 eiw =i ±z2-1 z w=csc1z =1iln(i ±z2-1 z)

Applying the behavior of the logarithm, the inverse circular cosecant on an arbitrary branch is

csc1z =1iln(i ±z2-1 z) +2πn

The individual branches look like this:

The imaginary part of this function retains the same numerical value between branches, while the real part moves up and down in value. Visualize the real part of several branches simultaneously:

And that completes the inventory of individual functions.