A Maximum or Minimum. An extremum may be Local (a.k.a. a Relative Extremum; an extremum in a given region which is not the overall Maximum or Minimum) or Global. Functions with many extrema can be very difficult to Graph. Notorious examples include the functions and near

and near 0 and 1.

The latter has

extrema in the Closed Interval [0,1] (Mulcahy 1996).

**References**

Abramowitz, M. and Stegun, C. A. (Eds.).
*Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables, 9th printing.*
New York: Dover, p. 14, 1972.

Mulcahy, C. ``Plotting and Scheming with Wavelets.'' *Math. Mag.* **69**, 323-343, 1996.

Tikhomirov, V. M. *Stories About Maxima and Minima.* Providence, RI: Amer. Math. Soc., 1991.

© 1996-9

1999-05-25