The ninth chapter
The vessel system including the arteries pipe system and the lymphatic system, is a set distributes in the whole body each place solid surrounding boundary.
The first section
arteries pipe system
First, arteries pipe system composition
The arteries pipe system is composed of the heart and the blood vessel, the blood vessel includes the artery, the vein and the blood capillary.
The heart is impels the blood stream the power organ, divides into four cavities. Namely left and right atrium, left, right ventricle.
The artery is carries over the blood heart's blood vessel.
The vein is brings back the blood heart's blood vessel.
(four) blood capillary
The blood capillary is links between the artery and the vein the caliber is extremely thin, the pipe wall extremely thin blood vessel.
Second, blood circulation
The blood embarks by the ventricle, after the artery, the blood capillary, the vein returns to atrium's process again and again, calls the blood circulation. Also divides into the body circulation and the pulmonary circulation.
(one) body circulation way
Left ventricle -> aorta -> all levels of artery branch -> whole body blood capillary -> vein -> all levels of veins are -> on, the vena cava inferior -> right atrium.
(two) pulmonary circulation way
Around the right ventricle -> pulmonary artery -> pulmonary artery all levels of branch -> pulmonary alveolus the capillarity network of bloodvessels -> pulmonary vein is the -> pulmonary vein -> left atrium.