The backward difference is a Finite Difference defined by

(1) |

(2) | |||

(3) |

In general,

(4) |

Newton's Backward Difference Formula expresses as the sum of the th backward differences

(5) |

**References**

Beyer, W. H. *CRC Standard Mathematical Tables, 28th ed.* Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press,
pp. 429 and 433, 1987.

© 1996-9

1999-05-26