A Bessel function of the second kind is a solution to the Bessel Differential Equation which is singular at the origin. Bessel functions of the second kind are also called Neumann Functions or Weber Functions. The above plot shows for , 2, ..., 5.

Let
be the first solution and be the other one (since the Bessel Differential Equation is
second-order, there are two Linearly Independent solutions). Then

(1) |

(2) |

(3) |

(4) |

(5) |

(6) |

(7) |

where the Bessel function of the second kind is defined by

(8) |

(9) |

(10) |

Asymptotic equations are

(11) | |||

(12) |

where is a Gamma Function.

**References**

Abramowitz, M. and Stegun, C. A. (Eds.). ``Bessel Functions and .''
§9.1 in *Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas,
Graphs, and Mathematical Tables, 9th printing.* New York: Dover, pp. 358-364, 1972.

Arfken, G. ``Neumann Functions, Bessel Functions of the Second Kind, .'' §11.3 in
*Mathematical Methods for Physicists, 3rd ed.* Orlando, FL: Academic Press, pp. 596-604, 1985.

Morse, P. M. and Feshbach, H. *Methods of Theoretical Physics, Part I.* New York: McGraw-Hill, pp. 625-627, 1953.

Spanier, J. and Oldham, K. B. ``The Neumann Function .''
Ch. 54 in *An Atlas of Functions.* Washington, DC: Hemisphere, pp. 533-542, 1987.

© 1996-9

1999-05-26