A Composite Number the Sum of whose Digits is the sum of the Digits of
its Prime factors (excluding 1). (The Primes are excluded since they trivially satisfy this condition). One example
of a Smith number is the Beast Number

since

Another Smith number is

since

The first few Smith numbers are 4, 22, 27, 58, 85, 94, 121, 166, 202, 265, 274, 319, 346, ... (Sloane's A006753). There are 360 Smith numbers less than and 29,928 . McDaniel (1987a) showed that an infinite number exist.

A generalized -Smith number can also be defined as a number satisfying , where is the sum of prime factors and is the sum of digits. There are 47 1-Smith numbers, 21 2-Smith numbers, three 3-Smith numbers, and one 7-Smith, 9-Smith, and 14-Smith number .

A Smith number can be constructed from every factored Repunit . The largest known Smith number is

**References**

Gardner, M. *Penrose Tiles and Trapdoor Ciphers... and the Return of Dr. Matrix, reissue ed.*
New York: W. H. Freeman, pp. 99-300, 1989.

Guy, R. K. ``Smith Numbers.'' §B49 in
*Unsolved Problems in Number Theory, 2nd ed.* New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 103-104, 1994.

McDaniel, W. L. ``The Existence of Infinitely Many -Smith Numbers.'' *Fib. Quart.*, **25**, 76-80,
1987a.

McDaniel, W. L. ``Powerful K-Smith Numbers.'' *Fib. Quart.* **25**, 225-228, 1987b.

Oltikar, S. and Weiland, K. ``Construction of Smith Numbers.'' *Math. Mag.* **56**, 36-37, 1983.

Sloane, N. J. A. Sequence
A006753/M3582
in ``An On-Line Version of the Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences.''
http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/eisonline.html and Sloane, N. J. A. and Plouffe, S.
*The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences.* San Diego: Academic Press, 1995.

Wilansky, A. ``Smith Numbers.'' *Two-Year College Math. J.* **13**, 21, 1982.

Yates, S. ``Special Sets of Smith Numbers.'' *Math. Mag.* **59**, 293-296, 1986.

Yates, S. ``Smith Numbers Congruent to 4 (mod 9).'' *J. Recr. Math.* **19**, 139-141, 1987.

© 1996-9

1999-05-26