A quantity also known as a Christoffel Symbol of the Second Kind.
Connection Coefficients are defined by

(1) 
(long form) or

(2) 
(abbreviated form), and satisfy

(3) 
(long form) and

(4) 
(abbreviated form).
Connection Coefficients are not Tensors, but have Tensorlike Contravariant and Covariant indices. A fully Covariant
connection Coefficient is given by

(5) 
where the s are the Metric Tensors, the s are Commutation Coefficients, and the commas indicate the Comma Derivative. In an Orthonormal Basis,
and
, so

(6) 
and



(7) 



(8) 



(9) 



(10) 



(11) 



(12) 
For Tensors of Rank 3, the connection Coefficients may be
concisely summarized in Matrix form:

(13) 
Connection Coefficients arise in the computation of Geodesics. The Geodesic
Equation of free motion is

(14) 
or

(15) 
Expanding,

(16) 

(17) 
But

(18) 
so

(19) 
where

(20) 
See also Cartan Torsion Coefficient, Christoffel Symbol of the First Kind, Christoffel Symbol of the
Second Kind, Comma Derivative, Commutation Coefficient, Curvilinear Coordinates, Semicolon
Derivative, Tensor
© 19969 Eric W. Weisstein
19990526