A curve whose equation in Polar Coordinates is given by

(1) |

(2) |

(3) | |||

(4) |

The logarithmic spiral was first studied by Descartes in 1638 and Jakob Bernoulli. Bernoulli was so fascinated by the spiral that he had one engraved on his tombstone (although the engraver did not draw it true to form). Torricelli worked on it independently and found the length of the curve (MacTutor Archive).

The rate of change of Radius is

(5) |

(6) |

If is any point on the spiral, then the length of the spiral from to the origin is finite. In fact, from the point which is at distance from the origin measured along a Radius vector, the distance from to the Pole along the spiral is just the Arc Length. In addition, any Radius from the origin meets the spiral at distances which are in Geometric Progression (MacTutor Archive).

The Arc Length, Curvature, and Tangential Angle of the logarithmic spiral are

(7) | |||

(8) | |||

(9) |

The Cesàro Equation is

(10) |

**References**

Lawrence, J. D. *A Catalog of Special Plane Curves.* New York: Dover, pp. 184-186, 1972.

Lee, X. ``EquiangularSpiral.'' http://www.best.com/~xah/SpecialPlaneCurves_dir/EquiangularSpiral_dir/equiangularSpiral.html

Lockwood, E. H. ``The Equiangular Spiral.'' Ch. 11 in *A Book of Curves.* Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press,
pp. 98-109, 1967.

MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive. ``Equiangular Spiral.'' http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Curves/Equiangular.html.

© 1996-9

1999-05-25